hw-4-instructions optional


For this homework assignment we will be exploring the Diamonds dataset. You will find this document which introduces R commands necessary for this homework indispensable. Please review it thoroughly.

Learning goals

In this assignment, you will…

  • Find confidence intervals and perform hypothesis tests for proportions in R.
  • Interpret confidence intervals and hypothesis tests for the proportions.
  • Fit a linear model to data in R.
  • Find and plot residuals in R.

Getting started

Log in to RStudio

Click on your Stat1010.Rproj that we made the first day of class.

Go to FileNew FileQuarto Document and name the document hw-4 click create.


The following packages will be used in this assignment:

library(tidyverse) # for data manipulation and data visualization
library(tidymodels) # for model fitting and to get residuals

Data: Diamonds

The diamonds dataset, from the tidyverse() set of packages, contains information on 53,940 round diamonds from the Loose Diamonds Search Engine.

  1. In R, compute a 97% confidence interval for the population proportion of diamonds that have an Ideal cut and interpret it in context.

  2. In R, test the hypothesis that the population proportion of Fair diamonds is not equal to 3.5% and interpret it. Include all hypotheses, and the test statistic.

  3. In R, test the hypothesis that the population proportion of diamonds with Very Good cut and the best colour is equal to the population proportion of diamonds with Premium cut and the best colour. Include all hypotheses, and the test statistic, and interpret the test in context.

  4. Use R to fit a least squares line of best fit to predict the price of a diamond using x. Interpret \(b_0\), \(b_1\), and \(R^2\) in context, then plot the residuals and comment on the plot. Find the predicted value of price for \(x = 1.5\) and comment on the validity of this prediction. If a diamonds length increased by 5mm, our model predicts what increase in price?

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